Factors Related to Academic Performance in a Technical Career n Health Online


Factores relacionados con el rendimiento académico en una carrera técnica en salud impartida en línea
Gabriela Bautista-Rodrígueza,*, Florina Gatica-Larab

aEgresada de la Maestría en Educación en Ciencias de la Salud, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Cd. Mx., México.
bDepartamento de Evaluación Educativa, Secretaría de Educación Médica Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Cd. Mx., México.

Recibido: 4-marzo-2019. Aceptado: 12-junio-2019.

* Autor para correspondencia: Gabriela Bautista-Rodríguez. Carlos Orellana No. 9 Cuautepec B. A., Alcaldía Gustavo A. Madero, CDMX, CP 07149. Teléfono: 55 5472 5556. Correo electrónico: doctora.gabrielabautista@gmail.com

La revisión por pares es responsabilidad de la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. 2007-5057/© 2020 Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Facultad de Medicina. Este es un artículo Open Access bajo la licencia CC BY-NC-ND (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/bync-nd/4.0/ ). https://doi.org/10.22201/facmed.20075057e.2020.33.19177

Palabras Clave

Rendimiento académico; educación a distancia; técnico superior universitario en urgencias médicas.

Keywords

Academic performance; distance education; Advanced University Technician in Medical Emergencies.


Abstract

Introduction: Academic performance depends on several factors that affect it. The digital skills on line modality, the sociodemographics characteristics and other variables must be known to look for intervention measures that favor academic success.

Objective: Determine the relationship between sociodemographics characteristics, academic variables and digital skills with academic performance in students of a technical career in medical emergencies in on line modality.

Method: An instrument of 20 questions was designed to obtain sociodemographic, academic, work and digital skills data about of the students. A pilot test was applied and evidence of validity of the instrument was determined. It was applied to 126 students enrolled in the program of the career of Advanced University Technician in Medical Emergencies at the Open and Distance University of Mexico through the Internet using Google Forms. The correlation between the variables obtained and the general averages of the students that were provided by the University was obtained. A multiple linear regression model was used to obtain the prediction of academic performance.

Results: The personal variables: sex (rS = 0.085), age (rS = 0.073) and place of residence (rS = –0.040); the labor variables: labor activity (rS = –0.144) and seniority (rS = –0.132); technology disposition variable (rS = 0.055) and digital skills (rP = 0.080) had no correlation with academic performance. The academic variables “semester of the course” (rS = 0.450) and “subjects not accredited” (rS = –0.294) were related to academic performance (p < 0.005) and predicted by 23% (adjusted square R = 0.230, gl = 1, p < 0.05).

Conclusion: The academic performance of students is directly related to their progress in the program and inversely to the number of subjects that they failed. It is suggested that the institution carry out retention interventions for students that encourage them to remain active and advance their academic trajectory.