Depression, Anxiety and Suicidal Behavior in Medical Training at a University in Mexico


Depresión, ansiedad y conducta suicida en la formación médica en una universidad en México
José Arturo Granados Cosmea,†,*,, Ofelia Gómez Landerosa,‡, Marcos Ismael Islas Ramíreza,§,
Greg Maldonado Péreza,þ, Héctor Fernando Martínez Mendozaa,Ɵ, Ana Michelle Pineda Torresa,¶

a Licenciatura en Medicina, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, Cd. Mx., México.

ORCID ID:
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0583-1239
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1050-8126
§ https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2904-4926
þ https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9953-5683
φ https://orcid.org/0000-00015778-3999
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6214139X

Recibido: 15-enero-2020. Aceptado: 11-abril-2020.

*Autor para correspondencia: José Arturo Granados Cosme. Maestría en Medicina Social, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, Calz. del Hueso 1100, Col. Villa Quietud 04960, Coyoacán, Cd. Mx., México. Teléfono: 55 5483 7204. Correo electrónico: jcosme@correo.xoc.uam.mx

DOI: https://doi.org/10.22201/facmed.20075057e.2020.35.20224

Este es un artículo Open Access bajo la licencia CC BY-NC-ND (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

Palabras Clave

Depresión; ansiedad; suicidio; estudiantes de pregrado; educación médica.

Keywords

Depression; anxiety; suicide; undergraduate students; medical training.


Abstract

Introduction: Mental health damages represents one of the most relevant problems among general population and specifically among University students. Medical training involves particular exigencies that increases probabilities of having higher prevalence at experiencing mental health disorders among the medicine students.

Objective: To compare the anxiety, depression and suicidal behavior among medicine and other bachelor degrees students at a University in Mexico.

Method: It was designed a transversal study where it was applied a survey to a probabilistic fortuitous sample among first and last grade students of bachelor’s degree in medicine. This survey was also applied to a fortuitous sample of the same proportion to first and last grade of different bachelor’s degree. Data obtained were processed in a bivariate analysis to calculate prevalence as well as association measures (odds ratio [OR]) and statistical significance (X2).

Results: The medicine students showed higher prevalence of anxiety, depression and suicidal behavior episodes, tan the students of different bachelor’s degree programs. It was also found that the last grade medicine students showed higher prevalences that the ones in first grade. Sex was a variable that presents more influence among students of the other medicine bachelor’s degree programs.

Conclusions: Medical training implies higher probabilities of depression, anxiety and suicidal behavior, mostly among last year students, than students of another academic program.