Anatomical knowledge in veterinary medical students in Chile

Conocimiento de anatomía en estudiantes de medicina veterinaria en Chile
Juan Claudio Gutierreza, Marcelo Gomez Jaramillob, Gabriela Sudelb, Mary Renee Praterc

a Department of Anatomy, Physiology and Cell Biology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, USA
b Pharmacology and Morphophysiology Institute, School of Veterinary Sciences, University Austral of Chile, Valdivia, Chile
c Department of Biomedical Sciences, Edward Via College of Osteopathic Medicine, Blacksburg, USA

Recibido 03 diciembre 2015, Aceptado 25 abril 2016

Palabras Clave

Retención, Anatomía veterinaria, Educación veterinaria

Keywords

Retention, Veterinary anatomy, Veterinary education


Abstract

Introduction: Anatomy is considered a cornerstone in human and veterinary medical education, as this basic science discipline provides a vital foundation on which to build the knowledge of the clinical practice of medicine.

Objective: The aims of this study were: 1) to collect information on first year veterinary student preference, and use of supportive educational tools, and 2) to assess long-term knowledge retention in senior veterinary students who successfully completed the bovine anatomy course.

Method: A survey was administered to first-year veterinary students in order to identify their learning tools of choice, and a diagnostic examination was designed to reflect highly relevant basic anatomy knowledge was administered to senior veterinary students.

Results: Besides the regular cadaver-dissection laboratories, textbooks were the tool used most frequently by first-year students to learn bovine anatomy. Computer technology was used by only 12.2% of the students. When evaluating knowledge retention of bovine anatomy by fourth year (senior) students, only 33.2% of the questions were answered correctly in the fourth year examination.

Conclusions: These results were interpreted as a low long-term retention of knowledge in Chilean veterinary medical students.