Frequency of depression traits in undergraduate medical students at Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social in Mexicali, Baja California

Frecuencia de rasgos de depresión en médicos internos de pregrado del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social en Mexicali, Baja California
Yusvisaret Palmer-Moralesa , Roberto Prince-Vélezb, Ma Concepción Rosa Medina-Ramírezc, Daniel Alexis López-Palmerd

a Coordinación de Educación e Investigación en Salud, Hospital de Gineco-Pediatría con Medicina Familiar N.o 31, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Mexicali, Baja California, México
b Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Autónoma de Baja California, Campus Mexicali, México
c Departamento de Investigación, Escuela de Medicina, Universidad Xochicalco, Medicina, Campus Mexicali, Baja California, México
d Universidad Xochicalco, Medicina, Campus Mexicali, Baja California, México

Recibido 07 junio 2016, Aceptado 13 agosto 2016

Palabras Clave

Depresión, Médicos internos de pregrado, Inventario de Zung

Keywords

Depression, Undergraduate medical students, Zung scale
Palabras clave


Abstract

Introduction: Undergraduate medical students (MIPS) are prone to suffering depression disorders. These can translate into apathy, distraction, isolation, aggression and cynicism, as well as poor patient care.

Objective: To determine the frequency of depression traits in undergraduate medical students at the Mexican Social Security Institute (IMSS) in Mexicali, Baja California.

Method: A descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out at the Hospital General Zone 30 at the IMSS, Mexicali, Baja California, the work environment of the MIPS of the institution. Inclusion criteria: MIPS affiliated with the Hospital General Zone 30, who agreed to participate in the study. Exclusion criteria: undergoing psychiatric treatment, on holiday, incapacitated or absent on the day the assessment scale was applied. We considered the ethical aspects, by means of an informed consent form. Instrument of measurement: Zung self-rating depression scale. Statistical analysis: descriptive measures of central tendency and dispersion. Statistical program: SPSS 20.

Results: 70 MIPS were studied, 38 of which were female (54.3%); the average age was 24.3±1.9, with a minimum of 22 and a maximum of 36 years (95% CI, 23.83 to 24.77). Depression traits occurred most commonly in females (14 [20%]) and during the Gynaecology-Obstetrics rotation (7 [10%]). The MIPS universities participating were: Autónoma de Baja California 58 (82.9%), Xochicalco (CEUX) 11 (15.71%) and Autónoma de Sinaloa (UAS) 1 (1.42%). Minimal depression occurred in 13 (18.6%), moderate depression in 7 (10%) and severe depression in 0. The frequency of depression traits was 20 (28.6%).

Conclusions: The frequency of depression traits in the MIPS was 20 (28.6%), predominantly minimal depression.