Undergraduate publication in Latin America: Difficulties and associated factors among medical students

Publicación desde el pregrado en Latinoamérica: dificultades y factores asociados en estudiantes de Medicina
Jorge A. Sánchez-Duquea, José F. Gómez-Gonzáleza, Alfonso J. Rodríguez-Moralesa

a Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira, Pereira, Risaralda, Colombia

Recibido 19 mayo 2016, Aceptado 31 julio 2016

Palabras Clave

Estudiantes de Medicina, Sociedades científicas, Educación médica, Universidades, América Latina

Keywords

Medical students, Scientific societies, Medical education, Universities, Latin America


Abstract

Introduction: The teaching of scientific research within the undergraduate curriculum is a fundamental aspect in student development, and should be a priority for all universities.

Objective: To identify associated factors in scientific publication among medical students from Latin America.

Method: A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted. The participants of an extracurricular course coordinated by a scientific society responded continuously for 8 weeks to questionnaires designed by the organising committee of the course.

Results: One hundred and forty-one students were included, 79.43% of whom belonged to a scientific society, 48.94% had presented at least one research project at a scientific congress while 19.15% had at least one scientific publication; cross-sectional studies and letters to the editor were the main type of publication, with a prevalence of 37 and 33%, respectively.

Conclusions: The number of publications in which medical students are included in Latin America is low. Membership in scientific societies, mainly those with student journals, increases the probability of having a higher level of scientific production.