Development of clinical aptitude skills in Cardiology undergraduate

Grado de desarrollo de los componentes de la aptitud clínica en pregrado de Cardiología
Víctor Manuel Gómez Lópezaa, Sandra Rosales Graciab, José Luis García Galavizc, Karla Isabel Berrones Sáncheza

a Escuela de Medicina Dr. José Sierra Flores, Universidad del Noreste, Tampico, Tamaulipas, México
b Coordinación de Investigación del Área de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad del Noreste, Tampico, Tamaulipas, México
c Área de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad del Noreste, Tampico, Tamaulipas, México

Recibido 28 septiembre 2016, Aceptado 07 enero 2017

Palabras Clave

Evaluación, Aptitud clínica, Componentes, Pregrado, Cardiología

Keywords

Evaluation, Clinical aptitude, Components, Undergraduate, Cardiology


Abstract

Introduction: One of the main skills of the doctor is the ability to make judgments in relation to the clinical problems presented by patients. Therefore, it is required that future doctors develop the skills to perform well, and to solve the problems that arise in their patients in the future.

Objective: To identify the degree of development of the components of the clinical aptitude of medical students at the end of the Cardiology course.

Method: An observational, prolective, cross-sectional and comparative study was conducted on 93 students enrolled in the course of Cardiology course of 2015 in the second academic year of a particular medical school with more than 85% of class attendance during the semester evaluated. Irregular students or those who had already taken the course previously were excluded from the study. An evaluation was mad of the overall development level of clinical aptitude, as well as each of its components. For the analysis of the results, percentages were used for the analysis, as well as the Chi squared test to explore the distribution of each of the clinical aptitude components, taking a value of p ≤ .05 as statistically significant.

Results: The general overall clinical aptitude level was sufficient in more than half of the students. The component of the best evaluated clinical aptitude, was the fact of establishing proper communication with the patient and/or family, with 92.5% of students achieving a sufficient level of proficiency in this component, which corresponds to p=.0001.

Conclusions: The overall level of clinical aptitude in the subject of cardiology in undergraduate students is sufficient.