Use of information and communication technologies as teaching material in Human Medicine

Uso docente de las tecnologías de la información y comunicación como material didáctico en Medicina Humana
Hubert James Mendoza Rojasa, y Maritza Dorila Placencia Medinab

a Servicio de Cirugía General, Hospital de Emergencias Grau (EsSalud), Lima, Perú
b Sección de Farmacología, Departamento Académico de Ciencias Dinámicas, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima, Perú

Recibido el 2 de febrero de 2017; aceptado el 25 de abril de 2017

Palabras Clave

Enseñanza; Docente;Medicina

Keywords

Teaching; Teacher; Medicine


Abstract

Introduction: Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) have now been integrated into daily life in such a way that they have transformed it, and have allowed access to knowledge, information, and learning.

Objective: To describe the current state of educational use of ICT as teaching material in undergraduate courses of Human Medicine of the National Unviversity of San Marcos, Lima, Peru.

Method: A descriptive, cross-sectional, observational study was conducted with 81 teachers selected using a non-probabilistic convenience sample of accidental type. Data were collected using a mixed questionnaire. Tabulation and analysis of data was performed using Microsoft Excel 2013. A descriptive analysis was performed using frequency measurements and percentages.

Results: The majority (70.4%) of teachers use ICT in their classes. It was done on their own initiative (56.8%) and selftaught (35.8%), and they used it as an audio tool (44.4%), image tool (69.1%), and video tool (64.2%). PowerPoint was the most widely used ICT teaching material (93.8%), as well as the use of the digital library (35.8%), YouTube (39.5%), social networks (43.7%). Approximately half (49.4%) used virtual classroom. Teachers (38.3%) report a lack of training in ICT, and 50.6% require training in design of virtual classrooms.

Conclusions: Most teachers use ICT teaching materials in their classes, with most used being PowerPoint, plus digital library, YouTube, and social networks.